Strategic Plan - Program Four: Literacy

Article Index

Program Four: Literacy

Overall Goal
To provide literacy to male and female aged 15 and above in order to enable them to develop their knowledge and potential and participate fully in their community and wider society.

By end of 1393 (2014):

  • Increase national literacy rate of the population aged 15 and over from the current level of 264% (12% female and 39 % male) to 48% (43% female and 54% male).
  • Provide literacy courses for 3.6 million literacy learners.
    • At least 60% of learners will be women
    • At least 70% of learners will complete one round of literacy training.
  • Provide vocational training for 360,000 learners (or 10% of the graduates of basic literacy education)
  • Enhance learning achievement of graduates from 50% to 80%.

According to Education for All (EFA) goals, the literacy rate must be increased by 50% by 1394/20155. To achieve this goal, the Ministry will provide literacy education for 3.6 million learners (out of an estimated 9.5 million illiterate Afghans) across the country through an estimated 140,000 literacy courses. Most literacy learners live in rural areas, so the Ministry will pay more attention to those areas. Involvement of the private sector, communities, and other institutions like mosques, ulema and local elders in the implementation of literacy programs is another strategy to attract more literacy learners. Public awareness programs will be launched and, since the literacy rate is lower among women (12% for women and 39% for men), their participation in literacy programs will be encouraged through increasing the number of female facilitators and, in some cases, the provision of incentive such as food, healthcare and seeds.

The curriculum of the literacy programs has been developed and accompanying textbooks and teacher guides have been printed and distributed. The Ministry will maintain a unified curriculum for literacy education but with the cooperation of international partners, the Ministry will continue to develop the learning materials to make them more relevant to learners’ lives so that learners become not only literate and numerate but also learn skills they can use in their lives. Accordingly specific materials will be developed based on the needs of particular learners, such as women, shopkeepers and farmers.

The Ministry plans to employ 2,850 additional permanent literacy teachers which means that around 11,000 contract teachers will need to be employed to reach the Ministry’s goal of providing 140,000 literacy courses over the next five years. To enhance the quality of teaching in literacy programs, a literacy teacher education division has been established in the Literacy Department and the Ministry will establish a separate Literacy Teacher Education Institute. Developing a literacy database and a monitoring and evaluation mechanism are other objectives of the program that will contribute to increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of literacy programs.

4 National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Report (2007/2008).
5 According to the NESP which covers five years from 1389/2010 to 1393/2014 the literacy rate will increase to 48% by 1393/2014, but it is projected that the literacy rate will increase to 53% by 1394/2015 which will exceeds Education for All goal (literacy rate of 50% of 15 years and above) for literacy in 1394/2015.