Strategic Plan - Program Three: Technical and Vocational Education and Training

Article Index

Program Three: Technical and Vocational Education and Training

Overall Goal
To provide relevant and quality technical and vocational education for both males and females in order to enable them to meet the requirements of the labor market in Afghanistan and the region, and to contribute to the equitable and balanced development of the country.

Increase access to TVET by expanding TVET regional institutes from 16 to 32; TVET provincial schools from 38 to 102; and establishing 364 TVET district schools. Increase enrolment in TVET institutions from 19,500 in 1388 (2009) to 150,000 in 1393 (2014).

  • Increase enrolment of girls in TVET programs to 30% of total enrollment.
  • Increase enrolment of children with disabilities in TVET schools to 1,000 students.
  • Develop basic skills of teachers, males and females to improve the quality of teaching in order to improve learning achievements of students
  • Develop modern quality curriculum and learning materials to improve teaching and increase student learning achievements
  • Equip the existing schools and TVET centers according to modern TVET standards
  • Enhance the capacity of TVET teaching and administrative staff

Due to the importance of Technical and Vocational Education for the Ministry of Education, the Technical and Vocational Education Department is now headed by a Deputy Minister. There are three departments under the program: Technical and Vocational Programs, Vocational Teacher Education and Vocational Curriculum Development. The Ministry will work in cooperation with the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in order to conduct a study of the labor market to ensure that TVET fields of study are based on the needs of the market.

The Ministry will also support the establishment of private TVET centers and in close collaboration with chambers of commerce encourage major industries (e.g. business, mining, construction, manufacturing) to set up training units within the industries where grade 9 graduates can enroll and obtain vocational training. In addition, the Ministry will work to increase the enrolment of girls in TVET schools and institutes, through public awareness programs, provision of fields of study that may be more attractive to girls and provision of dormitory facilities to attract students from rural areas. By 1387 (2008), 51 vocational schools were active in 22 provinces, and the National Institute for Management and Administration (NIMA) was established in Kabul. The Ministry plans to work toward a policy of establishing one TVET school in each district in order to increase access to Technical and Vocational Education for boys and girls.

To improve the quality of Technical and Vocational Education, in-service short-term training courses on teaching methodology for all TVET teachers will be increased.  

Revision of all policies, regulations and guidelines of TVET, reform of supervision and reporting mechanisms and the development of a database in the TVET program are part of the strategy to improve quality of TVET.